What is the first line of defense against dry eyes?
Preservative-free artificial tears are the first line of defense, as preservatives are often a contributing factor to dry eyes. Artificial tears can provide temporary symptomatic relief. Lid hygiene is also an effective way to help manage symptoms. Lid hygiene includes two at-home treatments, warm compresses and lid scrubs.
Most people suffer from an oil deficiency in their tears and warm compresses can help stimulate the oil glands responsible for producing and releasing the oil component into your tear film. Lid scrubs are a way to gently clean your eyelids and lashes to help keep debris and normal bacteria at bay. Some patients may require prescription medications, such as cyclosporine or lifitegrast, also known as Restasis, Cequa, or Xiidra, respectively. There are also dry eye treatments that can be performed in the office to help manage your symptoms.